Gum recession (receding gums) is a common concern for many patients. Gum recession occurs when soft tissue starts to erode and travels down the roots of the teeth.
Receding gums usually occurs over time. Some patients with gum recession may not even notice it happening until it progresses and becomes obvious. Receding gum symptoms include gaps between the teeth, tooth sensitivity, changes in the way the smile looks, and teeth that are longer than usual. Notches and dents in the tooth structure are also signs of gum recession.
Receding gums, which may indicate gum disease, will not reverse on its own. Preventing or treating gum disease today with Dr. James Matia can help prevent gum recession tomorrow.
What causes receding gums?
• Gum disease
: A bacterial infection in the mouth can destroy the soft tissue and lead to loss of bone and teeth, if left untreated.
: Some people are predisposed to developing gum recession due to gum disease, no matter how well they take care of their teeth and gums.
• Vigorous tooth brushing
: Brushing the teeth too hard can damage soft tissue and contribute to receding gums.
• Poor dental hygiene
: Brushing and flossing teeth regularly keeps harmful bacteria off of the teeth and gums. Failure to do so can lead to periodontal disease and receding gums.
• Hormonal fluctuations
: Women who experience changes in their hormonal levels may develop tissue tenderness and gum recession.
• Tobacco use
: Tobacco use can lead to a buildup of plaque on the teeth, putting gums at risk of periodontal disease and recession.
• Grinding and clenching teeth
: Receding gums are sometimes caused by constant tooth clenching and grinding.
• Crooked teeth/misaligned bite
: Teeth that are out of line or crooked can make the gums and jaw bone work harder, causing gum recession.
: Mouth piercings on the tongue and lips may irritate gum tissue and cause it to recede.
Treatment for Receding Gums
Addressing gum disease
: Gum disease may be to blame and can be treated to prevent receding gums from getting worse. A good cleaning, laser surgery, and antibiotics may be used to remove harmful bacteria, plaque, and calculus from the teeth and gums.
: Receding gums can be improved with a soft tissue graft using material from the patient’s own mouth or a tissue bank to elongate the gum line.
If you have gum recession, Dr. Matia in Wooster, OH can help. Call us today for your consultation.